Migration Processes and Transfer of Identities


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The Office of the State Minister of Georgia for Diaspora Issues held a conference at Tbilisi State University on October 15th. At the conference, we discussed in depth the issues regarding the migration processes and how it represents one of the main challenges of the 20th and the 21st centuries.

We discussed what Georgia needs to do more to encourage diaspora with special skills to return home or begin participating in mentorship programs. We had 70 people attend the conference. We discussed the importance of brain gain (diaspora going back to the country) as opposed to brain drain.

Migration, as an individual and collective act, is tied to a number of significant issues. It is not simply the transfer of borders but also is closely tied to the individual’s identity. We need to recognize both issues. Increased migration coupled with globalization and inter-cultural processes has greatly affected Georgia’s overall population.

The necessity to discuss national identity becomes significant from theoretical as well as practical standpoints. The aim of the conference was to single out the mechanisms for the transfer of national identity such as brain gain, translation, diaspora writings, cultural adaptation, etc.